Ohio Trucking Laws

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (Title 49, Parts 350-399) govern all vehicles engaged in interstate traffic.

There are some situations where a tractor-trailer or other commercial motor vehicle is involved in only intrastate travel. For example, an appliance store in Bath may own a truck that only makes in-state deliveries.

The Ohio Department of Public Safety has adopted Title 49, Parts 382-384 and 390-399 of the federal regulations.

The following provisions are an overview of Ohio laws that affect trucks operating only in Ohio:

Driver Qualification

Ohio has adopted Part 391 of the Federal Regulations with some exceptions. Intrastate drivers must be at least 18 years old, a deviation from the 21-year-old age requirement. Also, a person driving a truck on or before December 7, 1988 who doesn’t meet a medical requirement may be eligible for provisional medical certification if he’s not transporting hazardous materials.

Hours of Service

Ohio has adopted Part 395 of the Federal Regulations with a few modifications. For example, a driver driving for a private motor carrier and transporting construction materials intrastate are allowed to drive for 12 hours (instead of 11) following 8 consecutive hours off duty. He can’t drive after being on duty for 16 hours (instead of 14) following 8 consecutive hours off duty.

Vehicle Marking/Identification

Ohio doesn’t apply Sec. 390.21 of the Federal Regulations to intrastate vehicles. All intrastate vehicles subject to the rules have to have the company name, city and state, and company vehicle number displayed on both sides in contrasting letter at least two inches in height and 3/8th inch in width. Company vehicle numbers should be consecutive and should be retired with the vehicle.

Crash reports are available from:

State Highway Patrol
Central Records Section, 1st Floor
P.O. Box 182074
Columbus, OH 43218
(614) 752-1593

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