Florida Trucking Laws

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (Title 49, Parts 350-399) govern all vehicles engaged in interstate traffic.

There are some situations where a tractor-trailer or other commercial motor vehicle is involved in only intrastate travel. For example, an appliance store in Okeechobee may own a truck that only makes in-state deliveries.

The Florida Department of Public Safety has adopted Title 49, Parts 382-384 and 390-399 of the federal regulations.

The following provisions are an overview of Florida laws that affect trucks operating only in Florida:

Driver Qualification

Florida has adopted Part 391 of the Federal Regulations with a few notable differences. Florida does not comply with Sec. 391.11(b)(1) for intrastate drivers not transporting hazardous materials, which states that such drivers must be at least 21 years of age. In Florida, these drivers may be 18.

A driver who operates a commercial motor vehicle having a declared gross vehicle weight of less than 26,000 pounds solely intrastate is not required to comply with the provisions of Part 391.

Hours of Service

Florida has adopted Part 395 of the Federal Regulations with the exception of Secs.395(a) and (b) for intrastate drivers not transporting hazardous materials.

A driver operating a commercial motor vehicle with a declared gross vehicle weight of less than 26,000 pounds and not transporting hazardous materials with the exception of petroleum products does not need to comply with Part 395.

Loads

Florida has adopted Part 393 of Federal Regulations, including regulations dealing with projecting, shifting, or falling loads. However, the provisions requiring covering and securing the load with an appropriate cover don’t apply to vehicles carrying agricultural products locally where the speed limit is less than 65 and the distance driven is less than 20 miles.

Crash reports are available from:

Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
Division of Florida Highway Patrol
Traffic Homicide and Record Section
Neil Kirkman Building
Tallahassee, FL 32399

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