Alabama Trucking Laws
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (Title 49, Parts 350-399) govern all vehicles engaged in interstate traffic.
There are some situations where a tractor-trailer or other commercial motor vehicle is involved in only intrastate travel. For example, an appliance store in Montgomery may own a truck that only makes in-state deliveries.
The Alabama Department of Public Safety has adopted Title 49, Parts 382-384 and 390-399 of the federal regulations.
Alabama has adopted the entirety of 49 CFR 390. A truck company must report any significant accident immediately to local law enforcement, within 24 hours to the Public service Commission if a fatal crash or 15 days if non-fatal, and also within 30 days to the Director of Public Safety
Alabama has adopted the entirety of 49 CFR 391. However, some exceptions may apply. For example, the 21 year old age requirement can be lowered to 18 if the driver obtains a waiver. The under 21 driver must not haul hazardous waste. It must be in a straight truck less than 26,000 pounds.
Drivers may obtain waivers for certain vision restrictions and diabetes.
Alabama has adopted 49 CFR 395, with one notable difference. The federal regulation requires the carrier to maintain the log books for 6 months. Alabama requires 12 months.
The federal insurance requirements for interstate carriers are much higher than the state’s. Alabama requires $100,000 per person/$300,000 per accident in liability insurance; $50,000 for property damage.
Crash reports are available from:
Department of Public Safety
P.O. Box 1471
Montgomery, AL 36102